Uveitis

    Uveitis is a group of diseases characterized by inflammation inside the eye.  Different types of uveitis affect different parts of the eye.  One common type of uveitis is called iritis because it causes inflammation in the front of the eye near the iris.  Most cases of uveitis are of unknown cause and are not related to any other medical condition.  However, if you have uveitis, your doctor may order some tests to rule out associated diseases.





Symptoms

  • Photophobia (eyes feel sensitive to light)
  • Pain, Soreness
  • Redness
  • Decreased vision

Types of Uveitis
  • Acute:  inflammation occurs in a specific part of the eye and resolves with treatment over a few weeks or months
  • Recurrent:  inflammation returns to the specific part of the eye months or years after the first episode
  • Chronic:  the inflammation in the eye persists and daily medication is often needed to control the inflammation

Treatment of Uveitis
    It is important to treat uveitis and control the inflammation.  Uncontrolled inflammation can result in scarring, glaucoma, cataracts, and/or decreased vision.  Corticosteroid is the most common treatment for uveitis because it decreases inflammation.  Corticosteroid can be in the form of eyedrops, pills, or injections.  Patients with chronic uveitis may need special daily or weekly pills (such as methotrexate) to control the inflammation.  The management of uveitis can be challenging, but with proper follow-up and treatment, patients with uveitis can do very well.